In April, Maryland became the second state in the U.S. to ban the sale of animals from puppy and kitten mills. The law, signed by Gov. Larry Hogan, will take full effect in 2020. This means that with the exception of animals that have come from welfare organizations, animal control units, and licensed breeders, cats and dogs will not be sold in pet stores.
The news reflects a triumph for animal welfare and advocacy groups nationwide, as the conditions at puppy and kitten mills are further exposed. Puppies and kittens sold in pet stores are usually from breeding mills with cramped, filthy living conditions. A large number arrive at pet stores malnourished, sick, or injured, and they often go without veterinary care .
Moreover, people who breed animals and then sell them to pet stores are contributing to the overpopulation issue. There are already so many cats in shelters and even more wandering the streets, abandoned or lost. The more animals bred, the harder it is for these cats to find a happy home. Sadly, about 2.4 million healthy cats and dogs are put down in U.S. shelters each year.
Fortunately, more and more people are coming to terms with the ugly side of many pet stores across the nation. Billie Castro, who testified in support of the bill, told the Washington Post in April that she thought she’d found her dream job at a store called Just Puppies, but that it turned into a nightmare. She told the Post that puppies would arrive at the store malnourished and infested with parasites, and that about once a month a puppy would die in their care.
While pet stores sell animals for profit, shelters find animals homes in order to save lives and prevent suffering. They provide stray or abandoned animals with spay/neuter surgery, veterinary care, microchipping, food, water, and shelter. Buying from a store merely creates space for another kitten or puppy to be sold, but adopting from a shelter frees up space and resources so that another animal in need can be helped.
Are you ready to find your forever friend? Support animals shelters and rescues by joining the #AdoptDontShop movement today! If you’re in the Maryland or Los Angeles area, consider adopting a cat from ACR.
We don’t know about you but Alley Cat Rescue staff is feeling the heat here in Brentwood, Maryland. If people are feeling the effects of the hot weather that means our beloved pets are too.
There are plenty of ways to keep your pets safe during the summer (read our summer tips here), but one of the easiest ways is to keep your pets out of hot cars. It might not seem like a big deal to leave your cat or dog in the car while you run a few errands, but a hot car can quickly become fatal to innocent animals.
The American Veterinary Medical Association estimates that hundreds of animals die each year from heat exhaustion after being left in hot cars. The temperature in a car can rise almost 20 degrees in just ten minutes. After an hour, the temperature can rise over 40 degrees. This means that even on cooler days the inside of your car could be deadly for animals.
Cracking your window will do little to prevent your car from quickly becoming a sauna. A study conducted by the Louisiana Office of Public Health found that cracking the window in a car had minimal effects on the temperature rise. The only way to ensure your pets are safe is to keep them out of unattended cars!
Slowly, legislative changes have been made to address this issue. In total, 29 states and the District of Columbia have laws against leaving unattended animals in cars. Not every state that has a law prohibiting leaving animals in cars allows for citizens to rescue the animals. In fact, in New Jersey and West Virginia it is illegal to leave an animal in the car and it is illegal to break into a car to save the animal, even for law enforcement.
Only 13 states (Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Kansas, Louisiana, Indiana, Massachusetts, Ohio, Oregon, Tennessee, Vermont and Wisconsin) have “Good Samaritan” laws that allow private citizens to rescue animals from cars themselves. If you live in these states be careful before you rescue an animal. Some of the laws outline certain steps you need to take before breaking a window, such as contacting law enforcement, so you can be exempt from criminal liability.
Never leave your own companion animals alone in a vehicle, and make sure you are familiar with the laws in your state so that you know how to act if you see an unattended animal in distress. When in doubt, call your local law enforcement and alert them of the situation.
Meetings can be rescheduled, errands run at a different time, and broken windows can be fixed, but there’s no replacing a cherished member of the family.
It seems every time an international sporting event is coming up there are news stories about plans to cull stray animals in host cities and countries. Most recently, Russia has been in the news over concerns that the country killed stray dogs ahead of the soccer World Cup.
Although Deputy Prime Minister Vitaly Mutko has said that the country built shelters to hold the stray dogs, there are still concerns about the fate of these dogs. It is estimated that 2 million stray dogs live in the cities hosting the World Cup. Simply putting these dogs in shelters during the World Cup is not a viable solution. If these shelters become overcrowded then it is likely that some of the dogs will be euthanized.
Russia may also be trying to hide their stray dog issue without actually addressing stray dog overpopulation. Culling stray dogs is a short-sighted and ineffective solution. Countries that implement eradication plans ahead of international sporting events are more concerned with appearances than the welfare of the animals.
Additionally, the eradication plans can quickly become expensive. One of the cities that is hosting the World Cup paid a company $560,000 in January to catch and hold stray dogs. While government officials state that holding the dogs is humane, Russian activists say that the dogs are being held for just 10 days and then euthanized. Ahead of the 2014 Olympics, the Russian city of Sochi paid a company $29,000 to kill 1,200 stray dogs and cats with poisoned darts.
Alley Cat Rescue and other animal groups advocate for the use of humane sterilization plans to manage animal populations. Many countries currently implement sterilization plans for stray dogs that are similar to the trap-neuter-return (TNR) method Alley Cat Rescue uses for community cats. Under these programs, stray dogs are given a rabies vaccine and sterilized. Just like in TNR, friendly dogs can be adopted out and unsocialized dogs are returned back outside. These programs help address the public health and appearance concerns that countries may have ahead of international events.
Russia and other host countries should reject eradication plans and instead allocate funds for long-term sterilization programs. Concerned animal lovers should boycott international events where stray animals are killed and demand that humane solutions are used instead.
After Hurricane Harvey hit last autumn, thousands of pets were thought to be displaced or missing. The aftermath was devastating to many people and homes, but also animals living in the area. Now, with the recent floodings in Maryland and hurricane season underway, there’s no doubt that many pet guardians are wondering about the safety of their animal companions.
In the past, victims have been told to leave their pets behind. Most Red Cross shelters do not accept pets, and at the time of Hurricane Katrina, there were no federal or state laws addressing the safety of pets when planning for disasters.
Though victims of Hurricane Katrina were told that they could not bring their dogs and cats with them to shelters, a poll from the Fritz Institute found that 44% of the people who refused to evacuate did so because they wanted to remain with their pets. In response to the aftermath of Katrina, the Pets Evacuation and Transportation Standards (PETS) Act was born. It requires that response plans “account for the needs of individuals with household pets and service animals before, during and following a major disaster or emergency.”
If staying behind is too dangerous for you, then it’s too dangerous for your pets! Here are some ways for pet guardians to prepare for a disaster:
A recent New York Times article came out about the feral cats that Google employees are feeding at their corporate headquarters, called Googleplex. Instead of focusing on the good work these employees are doing, the article discussed criticism Google is receiving from bird groups.
According to the article, bird groups blame the feral cats Google staff are trap-neuter-returning for the population declines of the burrowing owl. While Alley Cat Rescue cares deeply about bird populations, the connections between the feral cats and the owls are minimal at best. The article states one instance of an owl being found dead after being followed by a cat, and one photo of a cat with a bird in its mouth as evidence that the cats are causing the population declines.
Instead of grasping at straws, we should focus on the true causes of the burrowing owl’s population declines. According to both the Urban Bird Foundation and California Audubon Society, loss of habitat is a central cause of the burrowing owl’s population declines. In fact, a golf course next to the Googleplex has caused multiple owls to die. The article states, “One of the biggest threats uses the Shoreline golf course. A bleak Mountain View report three months ago noted there have been deaths ‘due to direct contact between golf balls and burrowing owls.’”
Alley Cat Rescue has reached out to Google to ask them to keep implementing their trap-neuter-return program and we ask you to do the same! Trap-neuter-return will help to manage the feral cat population and will reduce problem behaviors such as roaming, keeping the owls and cats apart. Further, if eradication methods were used against the cats around the Googleplex, these methods could kill the burrowing owls as well.
You can contact Google here:
1600 Amphitheatre Parkway
Mountain View, CA 94043
Often feral cats congregate near a food source, usually a nearby dumpster. Many of the colonies Alley Cat Rescue receives calls about are those living in apartment complexes. These cats usually live at apartment complexes for a variety of reasons: cats may be abandoned by renters, there is a steady supply of garbage to scavenger through (including rats and mice), and there is more likely to be multiple feeders, among other reasons.
Colony caregivers should be careful when helping cats at an apartment complex. Management may be resistant or hostile towards the cats and may try to reprimand caretakers through fines or eviction. A common concern heard by housing managers is that feeding the feral cats will attract other wildlife species to the complex.
It is important that colony caretakers make sure the cats are safe at the complex and try and alleviate some potential concerns. Angry housing managers may call animal control, prompting an eradication plan where the cats are trapped and killed.
Here are some tips to create a positive environment for cats and people:
Action Alert: Help Pass the KITTEN Act to Prevent Harmful and Unnecessary Kitten Experiments Funded by TaxpayersRead Now
Last week, we let you know about the cruel kitten experiments being conducted by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Researchers purposefully infect kittens with toxoplasma gondii by feeding them tainted meat and then kill the kittens after they shed the virus in their stool. These experiments have been occurring for years and have resulted in the death of many innocent lives. The exact number of kittens used in the experiment is unknown; White Coast Waste Project, who broke the story, estimates 100 kittens a year, although the USDA refutes this number.
Not only is the use of kittens as test tubes harmful and unnecessary, but the kittens are simply killed and incinerated at the end of experiments. As Representative Michael Bishop puts it in a stern letter to Secretary Sonny Perdue, “[the USDA] was treating the life of animals with such contempt.” Toxoplasma gondii is not a death sentence for cats and there is no reason the kittens cannot be treated and adopted into loving homes.
Representative Mike Bishop followed up his letter to the USDA by introducing H.R. 5780 - Kittens in Traumatic Testing Ends Now Act of 2018 (KITTEN Act). The bill will direct the Secretary of Agriculture to end the use of cats in experiments that cause pain or stress, effectively ending not only the toxoplasma gondii tests but many other invasive experiments as well. Reach out to your legislators and let them know you support H.R. 5780. A companion bill has not been introduced in the Senate yet, so ask your Senators to introduce a Senate bill on ending cat experiments today!
H.R. 5780 is headed to the House Committee on Agriculture for a vote. If your representative is on this committee it is especially important that you contact them and ask them to vote for H.R. 5780. Check and see if your representative is on the committee here.
You can also help end the toxoplasma gondii kitten experiments by signing Alley Cat Rescue’s petition.
News is breaking that the United States Department of Agriculture is using hundreds of healthy kittens for scientific research and then simply killing the kittens once the experiment is done. According to White Coat Waste Project, a non-partisan watchdog group, the USDA facility in Beltsville, Maryland uses up to 100 kittens a year to study toxoplasma gondii by intentionally feeding the cats meat infected with the parasite. The researchers then collect the parasite from the cats’ feces and after 2-3 weeks of collection, kill and incinerate the kittens.
These experiments have been occurring for decades, undoubtedly resulting in the death of many helpless kittens. Science has evolved beyond these outdated research models and many researchers are now calling for an end to animal testing altogether. The European Union has made strides to end animal testing and has banned all cosmetic testing on animals. The European Commission, an institution that proposes and implements legislation in the EU, supports the ultimate goal of phasing out all animal testing and replacing it with scientifically valid alternatives[i].
Support for non-animal models seems to be on the rise, likely because non-animal models are more accurate, less time-consuming and more humane. Alternatives to animal testing include computer models, cell and tissue cultures and humans who already have the disease or ailment. Pharmaceutical drugs tested on animals have over a 90% failure rate on humans. This has lead the Food and Drug Administration, the National Institutes of Health and the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency to spend millions on developing a non-animal alternative to drug testing[ii]. This model, “human-on-a-chip”, is a miniaturized version of human organs such as livers, lungs and intestines. Many have hailed scientific advancements such as this because these studies will better translate to humans, rather than animals who have many biological differences to people[iii][iv].
Regarding the kitten study on toxoplasma gondii, non-animal models already exist. According to a review in Trends in Parasitology entitled “Toxoplasma gondii: One Organism, Multiple Models”, using test tube samples of toxoplasma gondii is an effective method of studying and experimenting on the parasite[v]. There is no need to force kittens to suffer, especially when humane alternatives exist.
Michigan representative Michael D. Bishop has also shown concerns over these harmful and archaic experiments in a stern letter to Secretary Perdue, stating, “As you can imagine, I was shocked to hear that the USDA, the very organization set out to enforce animal welfare laws and regulations, was treating the life of animals with such contempt (…) it appears that this project uses kittens as test tubes. Put simply, it creates life to destroy life.”
Alley Cat Rescue is committed to helping all cats. This is why we started a petition to demand that the USDA end these kitten experiments. You can sign our petition here.
[i] Cronin, M. European Commission. (2017). Non-Animal Approaches: The Way Forward.
[ii] Frequently Asked Questions About Animal Testing (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.pcrm.org/research/animaltestalt/tailtox/frequently-asked-questions-about-animal-testing
[iii] Woods, B. (August 15, 2017). It sounds futuristic, but it’s not sci-fi: Human organs-on-a-chip. Retrieved from https://www.cnbc.com/2017/08/14/fda-tests-groundbreaking-human-organs-on-a-chip.html
[iv] Knight, A. (2008). Non-Animal Methodologies within Biomedical Research and Toxicity Testing. Alternatives to Animal Experimentation, 25, 213-231.
[v] Szabo, E.K. & Finney, C.A.M. (2017). Toxoplasma gondii: One Organism, Multiple Models. Trends in Parasitology, 33(2), 113-127.
This month is all about kittens at Alley Cat Rescue! Kitten season has arrived and Alley Cat Rescue is hearing from many passionate supporters asking how they can help. There are many ways you can get involved to help kittens, whether it is hands-on or through the comfort of your home.
Alley Cat Rescue has been hard at work for kitten season and has launched a campaign as part of the Saving Pets Challenge to raise funds to help cats in Los Angeles. We are beginning week 2 of our challenge and are already almost 30% to our $5,000 goal. We would love to win this week’s challenge where $5,000 goes to the group that raised the most donations from 5/8-5/15. You can get involved helping cats by joining our team as a fundraiser or by donating directly to the campaign. Check it all out here!
You can also get involved by signing our petition to end the harmful and unnecessary experiments the USDA is conducting on kittens. The USDA is killing up to 100 kittens a year during research on Toxoplasma gondii. The kittens are purposefully exposed to the parasite and killed at the end of the experiment. These tests are simply barbaric and cruel. Further, more humane, non-animal models exist for studying toxoplasma gondii. Sign our petition here and share with friends and family to spread the word.
If you are more of a hands-on person, now is a great time to get out in the field and trap-neuter-return cats. During kitten season, local shelters see an influx of kittens brought to them. Unfortunately, these shelters do not always have the resources to care for kittens and may euthanize many healthy kittens. TNR stops the breeding cycle and prevents kittens from being born to an unknown fate on the street. Watch our how-to video to begin TNRing cats yourself:
Thank you for all you do for kittens! Together we can make a huge difference in the lives of many animals.
In 2015, Kristen Lindsey made national headlines after she killed a cat who had wandered onto her property with a bow and arrow and then posted on social media bragging about it. Lindsey posted a photo on Facebook of her smiling and holding the cat on the end of her bow and said, “My first bow kill lol. The only good feral tomcat is one with an arrow through its [sic] head! Vet of the year award…gladly accepted.”
Lindsey tried to excuse her cruel behavior by claiming she thought the cat she killed was a feral cat. The cat is actually believed to be her neighbor’s companion animal named Tiger. Regardless of whether the cat was owned or feral, Lindsey’s actions are inexcusable- especially as a veterinarian who is supposed to save animals. Feline expert and Texas veterinarian Dr. William Folger even testified that Tiger appeared to still be alive after he was shot in the head and was used for the photo
Thankfully the Texas Board of Veterinary Medical Examiners’ also became concerned with her actions and revoked her veterinary license. The Board revoked her license for five years, disallowing her from practicing for the first year. After that, she could practice under supervision and would need to complete continuing education in animal welfare classes. This punishment was a good start but not enough for a person who has proven that they do not have the compassion or judgement needed to properly care for animals.
After a long legal battle and multiple appeals from Lindsey, the Texas Third Court of Appeals ruled against her in two separate appeal cases last week stating that they disagree with Lindsey’s challenges to the Board’s authority to seek disciplinary action and her challenges to findings in the case. Lindsey’s veterinary license will stay revoked.
Alley Cat Rescue is happy that Tiger is receiving the justice he deserves. This poor cat had to die in a barbaric and painful manner just for a few social media likes. We hope this case illustrates just how cruel eradication methods against feral cats can be, especially when people decide to take actions into their own hands.
Alley Cat Rescue is leading in the way in promoting humane and compassionate care for ALL cats.